The Highly Efficient and Reliable Inverter Concept (HERIC) inverter is a cost-effective topology, which has low leakage currents and a relatively high efficiency. Thus, it is very suitable for transformerless PV system. However, with the reported modulation methods, it is difficult to simultaneously maintain high efficiency, good power quality, and reactive power injection of HERIC inverter. In this paper, a hybrid unipolar pulse width modulation (UP-PWM) scheme is thus proposed to achieve those performances. The hybrid scheme adopts the conventional UP-PWM in the case of generating the positive power. When generating the negative power, a modulation scheme, which only requires the operation of freewheeling switches, is specifically proposed. Additionally, in the region of the output voltage and current zero-crossing points (ZCP), an UP-PWM with modified dead time is introduced. In order to validate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, simulations and experiments are performed on a 4-kW HERIC prototype with a 20-kHz switching frequency. The results demonstrate that the proposed hybrid UP-PWM method achieves a better performance in terms of reactive power injection than the conventional UP-PWM scheme, and a higher efficiency than the UP-PWM with dead time. In addition, the proposed UP-PWM scheme also enables a better power quality. A HYBRID UP-PWM SCHEME FOR HERIC INVERTER TO IMPROVE POWER QUALITY AND EFFICIENCY