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ABSTRACT:

Wireless power transfer (WPT) enabled Internet-of-Things (IoT) temperature and light sensors based on two ultra-thin electrically small antennas are reported. Two distinctive wireless power capture capabilities are realized with metamaterial-inspired electrically small antennas. The near-field resonant parasitic (NFRP) element-based Egyptian Axe Dipole (EAD) antenna realizes an omnidirectional pattern. The Huygens dipole antenna, which combines a balanced pair of EAD and capacitively loaded loop (CLL) NFRP elements, realizes a unidirectional pattern. A sensor-augmented rectifier circuit is developed and seamlessly integrated with these antennas. Both of these systems are ultra-thin, being printed on a single piece of PCB substrate. The compact IoT temperature and light detection sensors were successfully implemented and tested. Since these high performance WPT-powered sensors are battery-free, they are very attractive for a variety of IoT applications.

WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER (WPT) ENABLED IOT SENSORS BASED ON ULTRA-THIN ELECTRICALLY SMALL ANTENNAS